Plants for Mediterranean Gardens

Common Features of Drought Tolerant Plants:

Drought tolerant plants have some common characteristics that differentiate them from other plants. Things such as reduced leaf area, the presence of thorns or needles or some form of the wax cover are pretty common among these plants. These features help them reduce their water excretion and conserve water for a period of drought. These plants sometimes have the very deep root system to pull moisture from beneath the surface layer.

Why Use Drought Tolerant Plants?

Here are some benefits of using drought-tolerant plants in your garden.

  • Reduce the water use.
  • A different form of wildlife attraction.
  • Better pest resistance.
  • Lesser run-off.
  • Deep roots help to stabilize the soil.

Ten Drought Tolerant Plants

Here is a list of ten plants that uses very less water but still provide beauty and function in your garden.

1. Cacti and Succulents:

Cactus

It is a very well known fact that cacti and succulents need very less water to survive, but do you know they are also low-maintenance and easy to grow? These plants have a built-in reservoir in them. In the time of drought, these plants shrink and use the reserved water. To complete the scene, little mediterranean palm trees like the Chamaerops (Margalló – Catalan / Palmito – Spanish) should be the perfect frame for this are of your garden.

2. Sage:

sage

Sage is perennial, drought-resistant herb. They are famous for their aromatic flavor. Grow them when the weather starts to warm up after the frost (and when there is a good amount of sunshine). Make sure you never overwater sage. It can kill your plant.

3. Lavender:

lavender

Lavender is a beautiful perennial herb. They are easy to grow and can tolerate heat and drought. Lavender has a perfect combination of color and aroma. You can grow lavender in the backyard or also in the pots. They can not tolerate excess water. So make sure your watering should never overwhelm them.

4. Euphorbia

Euphorbia

Most of the plants of this genus can tolerate a shortage of water and they rarely need any attention. Euphorbias (commonly Spurge) are also very common throughout the world so you will never have a shortage of native plants.

5. Bougainvillea:

Bouganvillea

Bougainvillea is a very good alternative as drought tolerant plant. They are easy to grow and needs very little maintenance. Is the Queen of the Mediterranean garden but it does not support low temperatures, such as night frosts.

6. Artichoke:

artichoke

Artichoke is a native of southern Mediterranean. This perennial plant can go with light watering after it is established. Artichoke can be a good-looking ornamental plant that produces edible artichokes from fall until spring.

7. Poppy

Poppy

Poppies have a fantastic vibrant color. Due to this, they can be one of the biggest attractions of your garden. You just need to make sure that the place receives sufficient sunlight. With moderate watering, you are ready to grow poppies.

8. Aloe:

Aloe barbadensis

Aloes thrive in hot and dry climates. So they are by nature drought tolerant. In addition to its infinite medicinal properties, it is a pleasure to contemplate them during their flowering.

9. Desert Rose:

adenium-desert-rose_544

These are tropical succulent plants. They need occasional watering. You can grow desert rose as houseplants also. They need full sun and heat to thrive.

10. Trumpet Vine:

Trumpet vine

Trumpet vines are a very good drought tolerant flowering plant. They are one of the best plants that attract hummingbirds. These vines can be of various colors including yellow, orange, yellow-orange, red, salmon, etc. Trumpet vines can live for decades.


This post tries to teach how to have a garden full of color and life, saving water and with very little maintenance work. Most of the plants described here only need an annual pruning job. The addition of some special fertilizer for plants in dry conditions will offer us a spectacular flowering.

Do it yourself! Enjoy it!

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